© Ville de Montauban

Famous people from Montauban

Many people have shaped the town of Montauban as it is today. They have marked history with their presence and their actions. Here are the famous Montalbanais and their stories.
Ingres and Bourdelle

The two artists have marked the history of art and their names are now linked to a must-see, the Ingres Bourdelle museum.

Jean-Auguste Dominique Ingres

1780 – 1860

The last of the French neoclassical painters, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres is the inventor of an atypical, mannerist, female beauty canon which made her famous. His masterpiece is La Grande Odalisque (1814), inscribed as much in the history of Orientalism as in the tradition of the great masters of Western painting. Skillful draftsman, admirer of Raphael and follower of the pure line, Ingres was of such influence that one speaks of “ingrism” or of “ingresque period” when other artists, such Pablo Picasso, came to s. ‘inspire in his own way. His passion and talent for the violin inspired the expression “having an Ingres violin”.

Antoine Bourdelle

1861-1929

Born in Montauban at n ° 6 rue de l’Hotel de Ville, a stone’s throw from the museum which now bears his name, Antoine Bourdelle reveals an early disposition to drawing and sculpture at the age of 13. A student of the sculptor Falguière at the Beaux Arts in Paris, Bourdelle quickly became a practitioner in Rodin’s studio and worked with the Master for 15 years. His most outstanding work is Héraclès archer (1910), whose original plaster is on display at the Ingres Bourdelle museum in Montauban. 13 sculptures by the artist can be freely discovered in the city center.

Olympe de Gouges

Marie Gouze, known as Olympe de Gouges

1748-1793

Olympe de Gouges was born in 1748 in Montauban in a bourgeois environment. Widowed after being married against her will, she moved to Paris at 22. Her play The Slavery of the Blacks or the Happy Shipwreck, in which she denounces slavery, is scandalous. She writes other plays, but also novels, essays and pamphlets in which she develops her political thought. In 1791, she published the Declaration of the Rights of Women and Citizens, which she addressed to Marie-Antoinette. She joins the Girondins, who oppose the beheading of the king and the violence of the Terror. She died guillotined in 1793.

Lefranc de Pompignan

1709-1784

Jean-Jacques Lefranc (or Le Franc), Marquis de Pompignan, known as Lefranc de Pompignan, is a French poet. The mansion in which he lived (rue Armand Cambon) has kept its name and can be visited in particular during guided tours organized by the CIAP.

Rumor has it that he is the father of Olympe de Gouges.

Artists

Hugues Panassié

1912-1974

Hugues Panassié is a French jazz critic and producer. He was an admirer of the early forms of jazz, the “hot” style, as played by Louis Armstrong in the 1930s and all musicians and singers of the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s. in the early days of jazz, however, his ideas were controversial. His traditionalism thus led him to consider bebop as a form of music distinct from jazz, vigorously rejecting it as “non-authentic” music, sparking much controversy and a split from the Hot Club de France.

Marie-Thérèse Brousse (Lilette Malrieu)

1912-1996

Marie-Thérèse Brousse was an artist. Violinist, she taught the practice of this instrument. In 1938, she married Jean Malrieu, teacher, poet, who was to become editor, publishing poetry reviews. The first trace of the poetic work of “Lilette”, according to the nickname given to her by her husband, dates from 1939: a series of poems written according to the surrealist process of automatic writing with Jean Malrieu. Then Lilette wrote other poems, mainly in the 1950s and 1960s. Published under her maiden name, they appear in Action poétique, Cahiers du Sud and Cocagne

Marcel Lenoir

1872-1931

Marcel-Lenoir is a true artist, he is at the same time a jeweler, draftsman, painter, and fresco artist. In 1889, at the age of 17, Marcel-Lenoir, on the advice of his father, headed for Paris. After a period of misery, around 1900, he experienced his first successes and became the illuminator Marcel-Lenoir. A complex, bewitching, fiercely independent character, incapable of compromising with criticism and the art market, today he owes his success only to the intrinsic quality of his work.

These heroes who marked the history of the city

Adolphe Poult

1895-1930

Son of the boss of the Montalbanese biscuit factory Poult, the young Adolphe distinguished himself during the so-called “century” flood, in March 1930. With his friend René Bousquet, they saved, aboard a simple canoe on the Tarn in flood, dozens of people drowning. After an almost full day of saving lives, it was during one of these rescues that Adolphe Poult stumbled in the tumultuous waves and could not return to his boat. He drowned at the age of 34. A square bears his name in Montauban, where a bust pays homage to him

Suzanne Guiral

1918-1999

Suzanne Guiral was a liaison and intelligence agent in the Gallia network to which her father, Paul Guiral, departmental head of the United Resistance Movements belonged. In May 1944, in search of the latter, the Militia, which had come in support of the Gestapo, questioned Suzanne and her mother Henriette. Faced with their silence, they were arrested, questioned, transferred to Saint-Michel prison in Toulouse, then deported to the Ravensbrück camp. Very fusional, they have the chance to stay together to get through this ordeal. During the evacuation of the camp, Henriette, in fragile health, died in the arms of her daughter.

Dana Roqueplo

1926-

Dana Roqueplo was born in 1926 in Czechoslovakia in a family where sport, culture and music are among the fundamentals of education. When war broke out in 1939, she was separated from her parents. His father, a teacher, escaped the Nazis and found refuge in England. In retaliation, his mother is sent to a Nazi camp in Moravia. After the war, to spend time with her father, Dana Roqueplo took up archery, the sport of choice which led her to win the championships in Czechoslovakia and to be selected for the world championships in London in 1948, where she won a team gold medal and an individual silver medal. Installed in Montauban, she created with her husband the first archery club in the region and organized a French championship in 1960. Music having always been part of her life, she sings in the choir of the Scola du Moustier and will chair it for 10 years.