Cradle of the 400 blows
The Saint-Jacques church becomes the seat of a true “civil religion”. The consuls are elected there and the important decisions of the city taken. During the Wars of Religion, the church was transformed into a fortified position. During the 4-month siege by Louis XVIII’s troops in 1621, Montauban resisted the king. The church has seen traces of cannonballs ever since.
In 1629, Cardinal Richelieu celebrated a Te Deum there for the victory of Louis XIII.