"The history of the cities is made by the men and women who live there, spend or stay in. From the creation of Montauban in 114 until the Liberation, discover a gallery of Montalbanais (governors, merchants, men of letters or arts, ecclesiastics, resistant) who all in their own way, have helped to forge the city we know. "(Montalban ghosts illustrious and unknown [1144-1944] - Montauban Heritage Center)
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867):
He was born in Montauban at 48 Faubourg du Moustier .
His father introduces him very young to the fine arts. In 1796, he went to Paris to complete his training under the direction of the painter David.
Ingres spent his entire career in Paris and Rome, where he spent nearly 20 years of his life. Famous for his portraits, the painter was particularly fond of history painting and religious subjects, which he had the leisure to appreciate in Italy. He also practiced music with great pleasure.
Very young Montauban party, Ingres was only to return to his hometown in 1826, on the occasion of the reception of the Vow of Louis XIII , commissioned painting for the cathedral by the State. Obliged to leave the province to build a future, Ingres had a life like that of a painter of his time.
He remained loyal all his life to his childhood friend Jean-François Gilibert, with whom he maintained a rich correspondence. The many letters they exchange, the food parcels sent by Gilibert, maintain the painter's link with a land he fondly remembers. So he wrote to his friend on October 2, 1841:
"I would rather give up all that [...] to go live in peace, in Montauban [...], ignored one day in front of the other, rest and breathe finally".
Emile Antoine Bourdelle (1861-1929)
He was born in Montauban at 26 rue de l'Hotel de Ville.
Like his illustrious predecessor Ingres, it is with his father cabinetmaker that Antoine Bourdelle confronts for the first time the matter. At 15, he won a scholarship and entered the Academy of Fine Arts in Toulouse, before leaving for Paris in 1884 in the studio of Alexandre Falguière. It remains only a short time, but still remains in the capital.
The decisive meeting is that which the artist makes with Rodin. In 1893, Bourdelle enters as a practitioner in the master's studio. Bourdelle's collaboration with Rodin proved fruitful and lasted until 1908.
Although he left Montauban as an adolescent, Bourdelle remained in his native region until he was 23 years old and these years of youth were fundamental in building his sensitivity. All his life, he has not ceased to affirm his Occitan origins and his attachment to his hometown.The artist, who declared carving "in patois", has often mentioned his hometown in poems, this "corner of French land, shady full of glow, this old city buildings of autumn color." In 1912, desirous of appearing in the city museum alongside Ingres, he studied the best conditions for the exhibition of his works. This room dedicated to Bourdelle will finally open forty years later, in 1954.
The Ingres museum, the streets and squares of the city of Montauban present today many sculptures offered by the artist or sold at the price of cast iron.
François Desnoyer (1894-1972)
He was born in Montauban. His grandfather, who believed in his desire to paint, introduced him to Antoine Bourdelle, also from Montalban, who took him quickly under his wing.
He moved to Paris in 1912 where he received his training as a painter. He began painting personally and made himself known by exhibiting in private rooms, rarely in galleries.He is supported by some patrons who encourages him to work on color. During the 30s he refined his technique and taking in the different currents of painting what seemed to him the most appropriate, without submitting to one of his techniques. So we see his painting evolve slightly to fauvism or cubism without it being really visible.
Olympe de Gouges (1748-1793)
She was born in Montauban at 8 rue Fraîche.
Daughter of Anne-Olympe Mouisset and probably Marquis Jean-Jacques Lefranc of Pompignan, Marie Gouze is brought up by her legal father, butcher Pierre Gouze. She will later transform her surname into "Gouges".
Author of the Declaration of Women's Rights, she left many writings in favor of the civil and political rights of women and the abolition of black slavery.
Olympe de Gouges never returned to her hometown. The rare allusions she made in her work to her Montalbanian years are to evoke the sadness of her fate and her alleged affiliation with the Marquis de Pompignan.The bitter experience of her forced marriage has undoubtedly been important in shaping her convictions and in her commitment to the status of women. She died in Paris, guillotined November 3, 1793.
Jules Michelet ((198-1899)
He resided in Montauban at 21 Faubourg du Moustier.
He marries the Athenais Mialaret from Montalban. The Michelet couple regularly reside in Montauban, where he devotes himself to writing. It is in their house of 21 Faubourg du Moustier that Jules Michelet writes from April to September 1863 the chapter of his Histoire de France devoted to Louis XIV.
Hugues Panassié (1912-1974)
He lived in Montauban at 65 Faubourg du Moustier.
Founder of the Hot-Club de France in Paris in 1932.
A tireless "discoverer" of the greatest jazz musicians in the world, he moved to Montauban in 1939 to die there in 1974. Among the many books include "jazz kings" (1944), "jazz dictionary" (new edition with Madeleine Gauthier).
Jeanbon Saint-André (1749-1813)
He was born in Montauban at 40 Faubourg Lacapelle.
Protestant pastor and Montalban deputy of the first Republic, he made adopt, as president of the Convention, the colors of the French flag.
He was one of the first prefects in history and represented the Emperor in Mainz, Germany. There, he arranged the riverbed, irrigated the marshy area that became market garden and set the banks with apple trees partly imported from our department.
His bust sits on a small square (behind the Old College - rue Bessières) executed by Yolande Rousselot Payllet in bronze in 1987.
Monseigneur Théas (1894-1977)
A square bears his name "Place Mgr Théas" (near the chapel of the Immaculate Conception) at the end of the Faubourg du Moustier
Bishop of Montauban from 1940 to 1947, he condemned in his homilies the anti-Semitism of the Vichy regime and the occupying Nazi, which earned him to be interned in 1944 Stalag Compiegne.
He appears in all the anthologies of the Resistance for denouncing the arrest of 13,000 Jews at the Winter Velodrome.
On his return to Montauban, the population en masse will make him a triumphal welcome.